NEWS & ARTICLES
Cervicitis is inflammation of the cervix — the lower end of the uterus that opens into the vagina.
Cervicitis is common. It may be caused by several factors, including infections, chemical or physical irritations, and allergies.
Clinical cervicitis frequently has no signs or symptoms.
The most common sign of cervicitis is vaginal discharge, which is frequently heavier following menstruation. Other signs of cervicitis include:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Vaginal itching
- Irritation of the external genitals.
- Pain during intercourse.
- Bleeding or spotting after sexual intercourse or between periods.
- A burning sensation during urination
- Lower back or abdominal pain sometimes felt only during sexual intercourse
- A more severe case of cervicitis can cause a profuse, pus-like (purulent) discharge with an unpleasant odor, accompanied by intense vaginal itching or abdominal pain.
- If the infection spreads to other organs, there may be accompanying fever, nausea, and abdominal pain
When a possible diagnosis of cervicitis is considered, a health-care professional will obtain a medical history and focus upon specific symptoms. These issues will include recent contraceptive usage, a sexual history, and a history of prior pregnancies and deliveries.
A pelvic exam will typically be performed.
An instrument called a speculum will be inserted into the vagina to hold the vaginal walls apart, thus permitting an inspection of the cervix and vaginal walls for redness, irritation, unusual discharge, or sores.
The doctor will collect a sample for a Pap smear by swabbing the cervix. The doctor will also collect samples to test for gonorrhoea and Chlamydia. He also may collect vaginal discharge for microscopic examination to rule out other infections. The Pap smear is used to rule out pre-cancerous or malignant changes of the cervix.
If the cervix appears abnormal a biopsy of sample of tissue may be taken.
Colposcopy is a procedure which employs a binocular-like instrument to obtain a magnified view of the surface of the cervix in order to delineate abnormalities that might not be visible with the naked eye.
The most common cause of this inflammation is an infection. Infections that lead to cervicitis may be spread during sexual activity, but this isn’t always the case. Cervicitis is either acute or chronic. Acute cervicitis involves a sudden onset of symptoms. Chronic cervicitis lasts for several months.
Acute cervicitis is typically due to a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as:
- herpes simplex or genital herpes
- Infection with HPV that has progressed may cause cervical inflammation, which is usually a later sign of cervical cancer or precancer.
- It can also be the result of an infection due to other factors that could include:
- an allergy to spermicide or condom latex
- a cervical cap or diaphragm
- sensitivity to the chemicals found in tampons
- regular vaginal bacteria
Married women are more likely to suffer from cervicitis, a cervical disease. Cervicitis can be extremely harmful and, in some cases, may even cause infertility. Here are the causes for cervicitis:
Long sitting hours
Most likely to happen among office workers, sitting for an extended period of time in front of the computer causes poor blood circulation. Plus, the poor ventilation around the feminine area may cause infection.
Long-term usage of Sanitary Pad
Contrary to popular belief, using sanitary pads for long periods of time may lead to vaginal infections caused by poor ventilation. We suggest to use sanitary pads in moderation during your menstruation period.
Using feminine cleanser carelessly
Careless usage of feminine cleanser may increase the odds of developing vaginal diseases.