Intrauterine Insemination IUI, Artificial insemination

Intrauterine insemination

Intrauterine insemination is the placement of sperm in the uterus for the purpose to enhance the chance of conceiving. It is also known as intrauterine insemination, artificial insemination, IUI, human intrauterine insemination or artificial insemination by husband (AIH).


Intracervical insemination

Intracervical insemination is the placement of sperm in the cervical canal for the purpose of increasing the chances of conceiving. It is also known as cervical insemination, ICI, human intracervical insemination.


Donor insemination

Donor insemination is the placement of sperm into the uterus or cervical canal that is from a man other than a woman’s partner for the purpose of enhancing the chances of conceiving. It is also known as artificial insemination by donor, AID, Donor IUI or Donor ICI.

IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation)

Broken down into its most basic parts, in vitro fertilisation (IVF) has five main steps:

1) Stimulating the growth and development of multiple eggs within the ovaries

2) Retrieval of the eggs

3) Fertilisation of the eggs

4) Embryo culture (where fertilised eggs grow and develop in a laboratory)

5) Placement of the embryos into the uterus


Each of these five steps can be performed in a slightly different manner based on the preferences of the physician.

PGD – Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is commonly referred to as preimplantation testing, where the cells from an egg or embryo are removed and subsequently tested. PGD also refers to the discovery of a gene mutation or a balanced chromosomal rearrangement in one or both genetic parents. Further tests are performed to determine whether that specific mutation or an unbalanced chromosome has been transmitted to the egg or embryo.


When genetic parents are known or presumed to be chromosomally normal, their embryos are screened for aneuploidy (having too many or too few chromosomes). This process is known as preimplantation screening.

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