A colposcopy is a procedure to find out whether there are abnormal cells on or in a woman’s cervix or vagina. The cervix is the part of the womb that sits in the vaginal.
Abnormalities tend to occur at the opening of the cervix to the birth canal, where it enters the womb. A colposcopy allows a doctor or trained nurse to find these abnormalities.
In some women, the presence of “abnormal cells” carries the risk of developing cervical cancer. A colposcopy is used to determine whether treatment will be needed to deal with these cells.