CERVICAL SMEAR TESTS

1. Cervical smear
What is a cervical smear test?

A cervical screening test (previously known as a smear test) is a method of detecting abnormal cells on the cervix – commonly known as Singapore blood test price. The cervix is the entrance to the womb from the vagina.

Detecting and removing abnormal cervical cells can prevent cervical cancer.

What is the procedure of a cervical smear test?

What is pap smear and why is one given?

Singapore pap smear services | Over 20 years of gynaecologist experience. Women’s OBGYN Choice: United Medical. Annual pap test preparation.

 

Pap smear test procedure entails; you will be asked to lie on your side or your back with your knees bent up. The lower part of your body will be covered with a sheet. The smear taker gently opens the vagina with a speculum and carefully takes a sample of cells from the surface of the cervix with a small broom or tiny brush. This process will take only a few minutes. The sample is then sent to a laboratory to be examined.

 

Some women may find the pap test uncomfortable at a pap smear clinic, but it does not usually hurt. If you are embarrassed or nervous, tell our specialist about how you feel. You can take a support person with you if you wish. It is best not to have the test during your period.

 

Additional features included: Colposcopy. Pap smear scan. Reason for pap smear. What is hpv pap test?

Who should have cervical smear tests?

All women aged 20 until they turn 70 who have ever been sexually active should have regular pap smear screening.

Women who have had a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) need to check with their doctor or smear taker whether they still need to have cervical smear tests.

 

Here is a list of age range to undergo cervical smear test:

  • aged 25 to 49 – every 3 years
  • aged 50 to 64 – every 5 years
  • over 65 – only women who haven’t been screened since age 50 or those who have recently had abnormal tests
  • Being screened regularly means any abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix can be identified at an early stage and, if necessary, treated to stop cancer developing
Cervical cancer and the human papillomavirus

Cervical cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that affects almost all people at some point in their lives. There are many types of HPV. Most HPV infections will clear up by themselves.

Only a few types of HPV will lead to abnormal, precancerous cells that could progress to cancer.

 

Although there is no treatment for persistent HPV infections, there is treatment for the abnormal cells that HPV can cause.

Having regular smear tests every three years is the best way of finding and treating abnormal cell changes and preventing cervical cancer from developing.

When to perform HPV testing?

Changes in the cells of the cervix are often caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV).

There are more than 100 different types of HPV. Some types are high risk and some types are low risk. HPV-16 and HPV-18 are being deemed as the highest risk for cervical cancer.

 

Common sample test results include:

  • If a sample taken during the cervical screening test shows low-grade or borderline cell abnormalities, the sample should automatically be tested for HPV
  • If HPV is found in your sample, you should be referred for a colposcopy for further investigation and, if necessary, treatment
  • If no HPV is found, you’ll carry on being routinely screened as normal. If your sample shows more significant cell changes, you’ll be referred for colposcopy without HPV testing
  • In some areas, a test for HPV is the first test on the screening sample. In these cases, the sample is only checked for abnormal cells if HPV is found
  • If HPV isn’t found, you’ll be offered a screening test again in 3 to 5 years (depending on your age)
An important message to patients

See our specialist if you have:

  • bleeding or spotting between menstrual periods
  • bleeding or spotting after sexual intercourse
  • bleeding or spotting after your menstrual periods have stopped (after menopause)
  • persistent pain in your pelvis
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • unusual discharge from the vagina. The discharge might be smelly, have changed colour from white to pink, brown, or green, or be streaked with blood.
  • These symptoms can happen for several reasons and rarely mean that you have cervical cancer. However, they should be checked by us via a thorough medical checkup.
Planning Ahead
You may wish to prepare a list of questions to ask before seeing us so that you will not miss out anything important. Ask for the appointment on a day when you know you will not be having your period. Be sure to bring a list of all medications and supplements that you are taking.
Can I walk in for an appointment or service?
We want to make sure we cater enough time for your visit with our doctor. As such, we strongly advise that you make a prior appointment with our staff. Our specialist will then meet you on the allocated time for a detailed discussion. Please call or email us for an appointment.
Related Articles

Cervical Cancer >> Cervical cancer screening, treatment & prevention

Women’s Vaccine & Prevention

Colposcopy >> What are the types of abnormal result?

Cervical Erosion >> What are the symptoms of cervical erosion?

Vaginal Infections & Discharge >> What are the questions being asked on vaginal discharge?

 

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